Second time in Kosovo & Metohija – “Battle for Gazivode”

??????????Lake Gazivode, my next stop here in the north part of Kosovo & Metohija and the text that will be hit like „Bullseye“, right in the middle because this lake is strategic Bullseye of Kosovo – or just simplly solution for many other strategic games here. This lake is actually very important strategic point for both,  Belgrade and Pristina , which is located in the northern part of Kosovo and Metohija, which could determine the future of the Serbian people here in Kosovo. The construction of this artificial lake began in 1972 with the laying down  of the cornerstone by Dzemal Bijedic president of Federal Government of Former Yugoslavia and it was completed in 1977 record quickly and with surprise for all the people in view of the speed of pure mountain water that loads this reservoir lake. It was created by damming of the river Ibar. This lake mostly spread its surface throughout the municipality of Tutin and Novi Pazar in western Serbia and through the municipality of Zubin Potok in Serbia southern province of Kosovo & Metohija . Construction of this dam was financed by a loan of the IMF – and value of loan that Yugoslavia was  picked up for this purpose amounted to $ 45 million. Construction works  were performed by Belgrade based company  ” Hidrotehnika” as one of the most famous European companies  for the construction of dams and dikes. Length of the lake is 24 km and the width of 12 km ². Damming the river Ibar with dam of 107 m and  width of 460 m created a lake of 380 million m³ of water, a lake Gazivode. This dam was built from natural materials (soil, stones and clay) and as such is one of the largest in Europe. Above the lake you can see mountain area „Mokra Gora“ , and also near this you can find monastery of Crna Reka . Although pompous , big and important,  lake Gazivode took a “victim” for its construction, and that victim was Serbian people area that was completely decimated from Ibar – Kolasin .How much great was that sacrifice we can hear by the Mayor of Zubin Potok, Slavisa Ristic , who says that at that time only with first autumn 3500 people left their homes, and 12 villages were submerged, four cemeteries and  also one under water cultural heritage site of Helen of Anjou from Nemanjic period . In addition to this, a large number of villages remained cut off from the right side of the lake, and eventually they were forced to leave their homes because the project was not the foreseen construction of a bridge between left and right side of this lake. The people who left their homes in the most settled Sumadija and the rest of the Serbs from area of  Ibar – Kolasin today mostly  living in the part of municipality of Zubin Potok. After these, more or less, statistical and general information about lake Gazivode the question is : why is this lake  so important to everyone ?

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As situation stands, we can say that water in the future will become what oil is today , if it is not already become… This is the first and general reason why the people and countries should keep and respect its natural resources, and not to sell them for nothing or to left them to be part of political pressure to compromise and give up in negotiations .

The second reason is a practical one and is related to water supply with Gazivode . The water from this lake is used to cool the turbine plant “Obilic” in Pristina, which produces electricity for 80 % of the territory of Kosovo and Metohija. The water from Gazivode also irrigated lowlands of Kosovo. This water from a small dam Pridvorica in the village Velji Breg of  Serbian municipality of Zubin Potok takes a long channel of 20 km to the Sipolje in southern part of Mitrovica which is exclusively inhabited by the Albanian population. In that factory water is processed and further distributed to consumers in north and south part of Kosovska Mitrovica, Zvecan, Srbica and Vucitrn. But for reasons known only to Albanians , Serbs in the Northern part of Kosovo and Metohija experience frequent water shortages and restrictions.

Thirdly, water from the lake Gazivode with special channels and pumps, drains to Gracanica lake, near Pristina, where it goes into the system for consumption in this city. About this testifies  the fact that during 2011. in the Zupce village was restored channel at the jagged “Ibar – Lepenc” that leading to Pristina. This is important becouse Pristina partly uses water from small lakes Batllava and Badovc but it’s not enough for this city and the rest of Kosovo. Also in favor of the strength of the strategic importance of the lake Gazivodethe Albanians should note the fact that Pristina is the only capital city of some province in Europe that has no river. According to the 2011 census in Pristina there is about  199 000 inhabitants which is very uncertain for future water supply , if we add to this, for Albanians very important foreign missions and missions that are in the city,  who also have a problem with pollution some things become much clearer about Gazivode importance.

The fourth reason and not less important  are the economic entities in Kosovo. I am primarily referring here to large companies and foreign companies (U.S. and Germany ), which would drive the mines , power plants and other factories whose work is of course in need of water and lot of it , and they have only Gazivode lake that can handle this. Example of mine that has enormous deposits of coal in this case, and also the largest one in Europe, which is important for energy security and strategic terms, the Trepca mine , who can´t function without Gazivode lake. So, to invest their capital in Kosovo * and to ensure quality control and resources  Wesley Clark and his company Enviditi must firstly either with diplomacy or pure force to provide uninterrupted water supply entirely in Albanian hands.

The fifth reason is from “corner of a daredevil” and a bit crazy, but should not be excluded from this analysis, is dam demolition at Gazivode in the case of military interventions and serious violations of human rights of Serbs in the north part of province. In the case of dam destruction Kosovo  would be razed to the ground all the way to Pristina. The trouble is that this would also demolish North Mitrovica and that would be large sacrifice, but when your life is in danger you never know … Serbs in northern Kosovo still hold the key in their hands. About this idea of ​​a dam demolition, there were some unofficial indications during the NATO bombing in 1999 as this dam was one of the potential targets, but this scenario is fortunately rejected.

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During all this time the Government of self proclaimed * Kosovo put lake Gazivode in all of the major energy policy documents that can be found on their website. I’ll give you here one and the most important for me, which you can see HERE. This strategic – energy document worked in collaboration with the World Bank that planned full utilization of Gazivode by the 2035, and on the pages 21 and 22 it can be easily seen that the initial plans to take Gazivode are ​​for the period from 2013 – 2017 year. Also on pages 46 and 47 They considering  legal aspects of Kosovo’s recognition and  accordingly to this legal arbitration between Serbia and Kosovo * on natural resources.

Water Ksoovo

The U.S. is on the side of the Albanians without saying  it loudly, but it’s very interesting how they analyze the question of Gazivode . After my search of all possible documents that are attached to Gazivode lake in English I came across a very comprehensive and interesting dispatch from WikiLeaks from 2007 written  by  the U.S. Embassy in Pristina. In this generous dispatch which you can see HERE, it is very clear their position on ” the importance of Gazivode” but also it recommends great caution. Except United States for the lake Gazivode is probably not less interested  Germany , which after Fukushima shut down all its nuclear reactors. One part of Germany energy sector has provided by  well-known „North stream“ and the second part will probably try to search in the Balkans. This is supported by RWE and their interest groups for the upper part of the Drina, and also negotiations with the government of the Republic of Srpska concerning the construction of hydroelectric power plants have indeed failed becaouse of reasons known only to them , but obviously there is interest in here . Shortly after this, the Government of Serbia has signed an agreement with the same German group to build five hydroelectric power plants on the Velika Morava and Drina. If we add to this their presence in the Bulgarian market and aspirations in Croatia all this could be interpreted that the entry of Germany into the energy region of Kosovo is very certain. To add more on this,  few  days before Kosovo media reported that in the 2015. Their government is going to build a new plant “ Kosova Re“, and  we can assume who will be the contractor for this job.

What Serbia is doing ?

Serbia acts like a step-mother and in all that  confusion they started talks in Brussels , called Serbs from Kosovo to vote in the illegal elections, sacked “disobedient ” mayors in the northern of Kosovo municipalities  and literally pushed own  people into something that they naturally can not accept, and no matter how much Aleksandar Vucic held his fingers connected in pose of the “pyramid ” at social events, it surely wont be helpful for Serbs in Kosovo. In this stepmother relations there is a good thing, and that is the construction of the water supply in the northern part of of Kosovo in Gazivode. The foundation stone was laid a one month ago , and the value of the investment exceeds 10 million Euros . This is one news after a long time, that made me happy , and it came from the Government of Serbia and it is related with Kosovo. I hope that this project will be completed in time, and that the water supply  will be placed under the control of the Serbs here in Northern part. In order to come to a position in which Serbia is today, someone had to be wrong  100 times,  and repeat that mistakes all the way around, again and again…. I think that is finally time to stop mistakes  and make at least one good and important step, which is to preserve Gazivode, as they are retreat for the rest of Serbia. You can judge and I hope that I succeed to manage, from reality until the madness the point from the strategic importance of Gazivode to  the Serbian people in Kosovo. I see Gazivode as a place where we can not  retreat or find some compromise, this lake is surely starting point for ” what once used to be Gazimestan , today seems to be Gazivode …” 

Drugi put na Kosmetu (2.dio) – “Bitka za Gazivode”

??????????Jezero Gazivode moja sledeća stanica i tekst koji neće biti putopisan kao prvi dio već će biti strateški i pravo u “kost rješenja” jer Gazivode to i jesu – rješenje. Ovo jezero je zapravo veoma bitna strateška tačka i za Beograd i za Prištinu,  koja se nalazi na sjevernom djelu Kosova i Metohije i koja bi mogla odrediti budućnost srpskog naroda na Kosmetu. Gradnja ovog vještačkog jezera je počela 1972. godine polaganjem kamena temeljca od strane premjera tadašnje Savezne vlade SFRJ Džemala Bijedića, a završena je 1977. rekordno brzo i na iznenađenje svih sobzirom na brzinu kojom se punilo čistom planinskom vodom ovo akumulaciono jezero. Nastalo je pregrađivanjem gornjeg toka  rijeke Ibar. Svojim najvećim djelom se prostire kroz opštine Tutin i Novi Pazar u Zapadnoj Srbiji i kroz opštinu Zubin Potok na Kosmetu. Gradnja brane je finansirana kreditom MMF – a, dok je vrijedost kredita koji je tada SFRJ podigla za ove namjene iznosila 45 miliona $. Radove je izvodila beogradska firma „Hidrotehnika“ kao jedna od najpoznatijih evropskih firmi za gradnju brana i nasipa. Dužina samog jezera je 24 km, a širina 12 km². Pregrađivanjem Ibra branom visine 107 m i širine 460 m kod mjesta Gazivode nastalo je jezero od 380 miliona m³ vode. Sama brana je izgrađena od prirodnih materijala (zemlja, kamenje i glina) i kao takva je jedna od najvećih u Evropi. Iznad jezera se prostire planina Mokra Gora, a u blizini se nalazi i manastir Crna Reka. Iako pompezno, veliko i bitno jezero Gazivode je uzelo „žrtvu“ za svoju gradnju, a ta žrtva je bio srpski narod Ibarskog Kolašina koji je tada potpuno desetkovan. O kolikoj žrtvi je riječ govori predsjednik opštine Zubin Potok Slaviša Ristić koji kaže da je tada samo jedne jeseni svoje domove napustilo 3500 ljudi, a potopljeno je 12 sela, 4 groblja, a pod vodom su i čuveni dvori Jelene Anžujske iz perioda Nemanjića. Osim ovoga veliki broj sela je ostao sa desne strane odsječen od svijeta, vremenom i oni su morali napustiti svoje domove, jer ovim projektom nije bilo predviđna izgradnja mosta između lijeve i desne strane. Narod koji je napustio svoje domove je najviše naselio Šumadiju, a ostatak Srba ovog jezerskog djela Ibarskog Kolašina danas najvećim djelom živi u opštini Zubin Potok. Nakon ovih manje više statističkih i opštih podataka o jezeru Gazivode nameće se pitanje, zašto je ono baš toliko bitno svima?

rep gazivode-mapa

Kako stvari stoje voda će u budućnosti postati ono što je nafta danas, ako već i nije. Ovo je opšti i prvi razlog zbog kojeg bi svaki narod i država trebali da cijene i čuvaju svoje prirodne resurse, a ne da ih prodaju u bescijenje ili da ih se nekim slučajem političkim pritiscima i kompromisima odriču kroz pregovore.

Drugi razlog je praktične prirode i odnosi se na snabdijevanje vodom sa Gazivoda. Naime, voda iz ovog jezera se koristi za hlađenje turbina u TE „Obilić“ kod Prištine koja proizvodi električnu energiju za 80 % teritorije Kosova i Metohije. Ovom vodom iz Gazivoda se takođe navodnjava i kosovska nizija. Voda se iz male brane Pridvorica u selu Velji Breg u srpskoj opštini Zubin Potok  odvodi kanalom dugim 20 km do mjesta Šipolje na jugu Mitrovice koje je isključivo naseljeno albanskim stanovništvom. U toj fabrici voda se prerađuje i dalje distribuira potrošačima u Kosovskoj Mitrovici, Zvečanu, Srbici i Vučitrnu. No iz razloga poznatim samo Albancima, Srbi u sjevernom dijelu imaju česte restrikcije i nestašice vode.

Kao treće, voda sa jezera Gazivode se specijalnim kanalima i pumpama odvodi i do Gračaničkog jezera pored Prištine gdje onda odlazi u sisteme za potrošnju i u ovom gradu. O ovome svjedoči podatak da je 2011. godine u Zupču obnavljan kanal „Ibar – Lepenac“ koji vodi do Prištine. Jednim dijelom Priština koristi vodu iz jezera Batlava i Badovac ali to nije dovoljno za potrebe ovog grada i ostatka Kosmeta. Takođe u prilog jačini strateške važnosti jezera Gazivode za Albance treba napomenuti i činjenicu da je Priština jedini glavni grad neke pokrajine koji nema rijeku. Prema popisu iz 2011. u Prištini živi 199 000 stanovnika kojima je veoma neizvjesna budućnost vodosnabdijevanja, ako ovome dodamo za njih veoma bitna strana predstavništva i misije koje se nalaze u tom gradu kao i da imaju veliki problem sa zagađenjem grada, stvari onda postaju jasnije.

Četvrto i nimalo manje bitno jesu privredni subjekti na Kosmetu. Ovdje pre svega mislim na velike firme i kompanije iz inostranstva (SAD i Njemačke) koje bi pokretale rudnike, termoelektrane i druge fabrike za čiji rad je narvno potrebna voda i to u ogromnim količinama, a koju imaju samo Gazivode. Primjer rudnika koji ima ogromna nalazišta u ovom slučaju najveća u Evropi i koji je veoma važan u energetskom sigurnosnom i strateškom smislu je rudnik Trepča, koji ne može funkcionisati bez Gazivoda. Dakle, da bi investirao svoj kapital u Kosovo*1244 i obezbijedio kontrolu procesa i resursa Vesli Klark i njegova frima Enviditi prvo moraju ili diplomatijom ili silom obezbijediti nesmetano vodosnabdijevanje potpuno u albanskim rukama.

Peto za neke pomalo hazarderski i ludo, ali ne treba isključiti iz analize i rušenje brane na Gazivodama ukoliko dođe do oružane intervencije i teškog kršenja svih ljudskih prava prema Srbima na sjeveru pokrajine. Ako bi došlo do pucanja brane Kosovo bi bilo sravnjeno sa zemljom sve do Prištine. Nevolja u ovome je što bi takođe nastradao i sjever do Kosovske Mitrovice i to bi bila velika žrtva. Srbi sa sjevera Kosova i Metohije ipak drže ključ u svojim rukama. O ovoj ideji rušenja brane postojale su neke nezvanične indicije tokom NATO bombardovanja 1999. kao jednog od potencijalnih ciljeva, ali je ovaj scenario na sreću odbačen i u tom momentu im nije išao na ruku.

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Za svo ovo vrijeme Vlada tzv. Kosova* je Gazivode stavila u sve važnije energetsko strateške dokumente koji se mogu pronaći na njihovom sajtu. Ja ću izdvojiti jedan po meni i najbitniji koji možete pogledati OVDJE. Ovaj strateško – energetski dokument su radili u saradnji sa Svjetskom bankom i planiraju punu iskorištenost Gazivoda do 2035. godine, a na stranicama 21 i 22 se može vidjeti da su početni planovi za preuzimanje Gazivoda napravljeni za period 2013 – 2017. godine. Takođe na stranicama 46 i 47 se razmatraju pravni aspekti priznanja Kosova*1244, te u skladu sa tim i arbitraže sa Srbijom o prirodnim bogatstvima.

Water Ksoovo

Da su SAD na strani Albanaca ne treba posebno naglašavati, ali je veoma interesantno na koji način i oni analiziraju pitanje jezera Gazivode. Nakon moje potrage o svim mogućim dokumentima koji se vežu za Gazivode na engleskom jeziku naišao sam na jednu veoma obimnu i interesantnu depešu Vikiliksa koju je 2007. pisala Ambasada SAD u Prištini. U ovoj izdašnoj depeši koju takođe možete pogledati OVDJE, jasno se vidi njihov stav po pitanju „obezbijeđivanja i značaja Gazivoda“ ali isto tako preporučuje i veliki oprez. Osim SAD za jezero Gazivode je vjerovatno ništa manje zainteresovana i Njemačka koja je nakon Fukušime ugasila sve svoje nuklearne reaktore. Dio svog energetskog sektora je obezbijedila poznatim „Sjevernim tokom“, a drugi dio će vjerovatno pokušati potražiti na Balkanu. Ovome u prilog ide i zainteresovanost njihove RWE grupe za gornji tok Drine. Pregovori sa vlastima Republike Srpske oko gradnje hidroelektrane su ipak propali iz samo njima znanih razloga, ali interesovanje očigledno postoji. Nedugo nakon ovoga i Vlada Srbije je potpisala sporazum sa istom ovom njemačkom grupacijom o izgradnji 5 hidroelektrana na Drini i Velikoj Moravi. Ako ovome još dodamo njihovo prisustvo na bugarskom tržištu i aspiracije prema Hrvatskoj sve ovo bi moglo da se protumači da je i ulazak Njemačke u energetski prostor Kosova*1244 veoma izvijestan. Još na ovo da dodam da su pre dva dana mediji na Kosovu objavili da se 2015. ide u gradnju TE „Novo Kosovo“, ostaje nam samo da vidimo ko će biti izvođač.

Šta  Srbija radi ?

Srbija se ponaša kao maćeha koja je u svoj toj zbrci pokrenula pregovore u Briselu, pozvala Srbe da izađu na izbore, smijenila „neposlušne“ načelnike opština na sjeveru Kosmeta i bukvalno svoj narod gura u nešto što oni po prirodi stvari ne mogu da prihvate, ma koliko god Vučić držao svoje prste spojeno u pozi „piramide“ prilikom javnih nastupa. U tom maćehinskom odnosu  ima jedna dobra stvar, a to je projekat izgradnje vodovoda na Gazivodama za sjeverni dio. Kamen temeljac je položen prije nekoliko dana, a vrijednost investicije prelazi 10 mil Eura. Ovo je vijest nakon duže vremena koja me obradovala, a došla je od Vlade Srbije i vezana je za Kosmet. Nadam se da će se ovaj projekat završiti u predviđenom roku i da će se na ovaj način vodosnabdijevanje ovog dijela staviti pod kontrolu srpskog naroda. Da bi se došlo do pozicije u kojoj se Srbija danas nalazi bilo je potrebno 100 puta pogriješiti, neke greške i ponoviti i sve tako u krug. Smatram da je krajnje vrijeme da se tim greškama stane u kraj i da se napravi bar jedan dobar i značajan potez, a to je da se sačuvaju Gazivode, jer one su odstupnica za ostatak Srbije, za Beograd i za onu Tarabićevu šljivu… Vi prosudite, a ja se nadam da sam uspio, od realnosti pa sve do ludosti da ukažem na stratešku važnost Gazivoda za srpski narod na Kosmetu. Gazivode vidim kao mjesto gdje nema uzmicanja ni kompromisa, to je polazna tačka, jer ono što je onomad bio Gazimestan, danas će da budu Gazivode…